Do you know about the dangers of trans fat? Find out why health professionals want us to eliminate this type of fat from our diets in the reading practice exercise below. You can find the meaning of the words in bold in the vocabulary list under the text, and you can check your understanding by doing the Trans Fats Comprehension Quiz.

Does your mouth water when you think of cookies, donuts, burgers and French fries?

Many people prefer junk food like this to healthy food because they develop a taste for it. Processed, baked, and fried foods often contain a high amount of trans fat.

Trans fats raise bad cholesterol and lower the good cholesterol that your body needs. Fatty foods do more than cause obesity. Trans fat build up in the body and block blood flow to the heart. People whose diet contains a high percentage of trans fat are at risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke.

Trans fat is a semi-solid type of oil. It is made by adding hydrogen to liquid oil. Food companies and restaurants choose to use trans fat oils because they’re cheap and they make food like crackers and baked goods last longer. They also improve the taste and texture of food. Trans fat became very popular in the second half of the 20th century. This is around the time butter got a bad name for its cholesterol levels. People were told to use margarine containing trans fat instead because it was “healthier”, but we now know that butter is actually the healthier option.

Today doctors know how dangerous processed foods like margarine can be. In countries such as the US and Canada there are new government restrictions on food production. Food and beverage makers must attach a Nutrition Fact label to their products. These list daily recommendations and detail all the ingredients in a product, including trans fat if they’re used. In 2007 New York City banned trans fat from all restaurants, and according to recent studies this has prevented hundreds of heart attacks and strokes. Even fast food chains such as McDonalds are being forced to change their recipes as people become more health-conscious. In Europe, food manufacturers have voluntarily started using labels that clearly show how healthy each product is according to a simple rating system.

We all need some fat in our diet. There are three different types of fats: saturated fat, unsaturated fat and trans fat. Doctors recommend that we get most of our fatty calories from unsaturated fats. Neither butter nor margarine fit this category, though other spreads like peanut butter do.

Reading the list of ingredients on the label is a good way of avoiding dangerous ingredients like trans fat.

Another way is to avoid eating out, especially in fast food restaurants.

Also, when shopping try to buy the majority of your food in the fresh-food section and limit the amount of processed and packaged food you buy.

You might not think this is important if you’re young, but the choices you make now will affect you for the rest of your life. The healthier your diet is now, the longer and healthier your life will be.






avoid verb

to not use, or to stay away from something

make sb’s mouth water idiom

to make someone want to eat a certain food, esp. after smelling or seeing it

ban verb

to not allow something

obesity noun

the condition of being very overweight

cholesterol noun

a substance present in animal fat and tissues; too much can lead to heart disease

process verb

to make something with technology and machines in a factory

detail verb

to describe in full

restriction noun

a rule or regulation that limits what someone can do

diet noun

all the foods a person normally eats

saturated fat noun

a type of fat, esp. found in foods like butter, cheese, red meat, etc.

hydrogen noun

a colourless gas that burns easily

stroke noun

the sudden bursting of a blood vessel in the brain that can cause serious illness or death

ingredients noun

all of the foods that go into a meal or food product

texture noun

the way food feels in your mouth, eg. soft, smooth, rough, crunchy, etc.

junk food noun

unhealthy food, esp. snacks and take-away or take-out food

trans fats (or trans fatty acidsnoun

artificial fats that make food last longer and taste better but are bad for health

majority noun

most of the people or things in a group

voluntarily adverb

without being required or forced, or without wanting payment

16 comentarios en “TRANS FAT

  • “Trans Fat” is a reading that is presented in an ingenious way, since it has at the end of it a small vocabulary of words that are highlighted within the reading, these are key words that will help the student to understand the text better. Excellent idea!
    The text would be evaluated by taking a small multiple choice questionnaire, which allows us to see if the student understood the reading

  • The reading “Trans Fat” is very interesting in these times that we are consuming more junk food, reading is supported by a vocabulary that students can use to form sentences related to the topic and we can evaluate with comprehension quiz

  • Currently in this context of virtual teaching I would use the plataform Kahoot! , to ask questions type test related to the topic, where I could see if the students answered correctly, and pause if I required to reinforce the topic, with this tool I could also create games focused on discussion and debate to analyze their reading comprehension, where Students answer privately and in a dynamic and fun way, to motivate them, achieving on them avoid some type of academic stress.

  • As a teacher, I want my students to develop their reading comprehension skills, which is important.
    To realize that they understood the reading I can make Open-ended questions.
    For instance, I can make groups, in which students will be able to answer and discuss these kind of questions
    with their own words and also infer information.
    This is an excellent way to promote cooperative learning and critical thinking which are important to develop
    comprehension skills. An example of an Open-ended question would be:
    In countries such as the US and Canada there are new government restrictions on food production. Why?.

  • A reading is an interesting way to develop reading skills to the student and also the words in bold is an excellent strategy to increase the vocabulary.
    I consider there are many forms to evaluate but how do we know if the student learn?
    I would evaluate with open and closed questions, to check if the student understood the text literally, inferentially and critically.

  • It is important to present a question at the beginning as the text presented by Trans Fat because students will have an idea about the topic. In addition, it is important to underline new words that students do not know and give them meaning for a better understanding when they start reading. I would evaluate it using a questionnaire to know if my students understood the topic and ask some questions about it to develop their critical thinking.

  • “TRANS FAT” It is a reading presented in a strategic way so that it catches the attention of the students, it is also a good idea to highlight in bold the words that the students do not know and make a glossary with the meaning of the words so that In this way, students can better understand the topic and increase their vocabulary.
    As an English teacher I want my students to understand what they have read, allowing them to reflect, relate and interpret what they have read with their previous knowledge. To evaluate reading comprehension, I would use a comprehension questionnaire, including literal, inferential and critical questions, to make sure they have understood the text and also so that they can develop their critical thinking. Also, I would present a glossary with the rare words and the meaning at the end of the text to improve students’ understanding.
    It is important to include images so that students realize what the text is about.

  • This kind of reading makes you very easy to understand a topic because when you highlight the main words of the topic makes you really easy more than understand, comprehend.
    if i want to develop in my students reading skills i would start before to show the topic or the reading id present a video about the topic to can make some predictions or to guess the topic. After that I show my students the reading to can check if the students guessed what os the topic that we are going to talk about. Finally I present my students a short quiz with multiple choice

  • I consider it to be an important and informative text because it talks about health. I find the content interesting because we must learn a varied vocabulary, plus the text has a glossary with the new words to learn and understand in what context it works. In this way I would evaluate my students with a questionnaire of multiple options to see if they have understood what they have read.

  • I consider it to be an important and informative text because it talks about health. I find the content interesting because we must learn a varied vocabulary, in addition that the text has a glossary with the new words to learn and understand in what context it works. In this way I would evaluate my students with a questionnaire of multiple options to see if they have understood what they have read.

  • Reading comprenhension is one of the skills our second language students must to develop. So how can we know if students have understood the text? For me, depends on the level of the text, in this case is an informative one. So I’d evaluate them by some tasks as matching sentences, choosing true or false sentences and discussing with a partner about the text.

  • On this website we can find a reading of “Trans Fat” that is shown in a meaningful way allowing the readers to understand, finding at the end a vocabulary that helps students to better understand. An easy way to decipher if the reader understood the text is important to conclude with a multiple questionnaire as can be seen in this reading.

  • This article on trans fat, it is very important and interesting to read it as it explains the consequences of junk food in our body, this article is prepared in a way that catches the reader’s attention, with the highlighted words that help their understanding and the vocabulary in the final part is very useful and interesting.

  • I think the text is very interesting because it will help students understand, develop and improve their reading skills, it will also help them learn new words which will increase their vocabulary, they will be able to analyze the readings by answering questions in a literal, inferential and critical way.

  • I find this article very interesting, it teaches you the vocabulary using health as the main topic. This article helps me to brainstorm questionnaires with multiple options to evaluate my students if they have understood what they read, it would also show them the reading to check if the students guessed what is the topic that we are going to talk about.

  • I consider a very important topic that everyone should know. On the other hand, the content that reading gives us is the vocabulary where it helps us to understand reading better and to learn new words. To know if the students have understood the reading, I would evaluate them with a multiple choice questionnaire.

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